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Traffic Agreement


The fifth freedoms are those of airlines wishing to use unserved or underserved routes, or airlines whose flights already make technical stops in one place, as permitted by the second freedom. [6]:32 Governments (z.B. Thailand) can sometimes promote fifth freedom transport to promote tourism by increasing the number of places available. In return, reactionary pressure may be exerted to avoid the liberalization of traffic rights in order to protect the commercial interests of a flogger. [14]:110 In the 1990s, the fifth freedoms in Asia caused controversy due to the loss of airline services in the countries hosting them. [20]:16-19 In particular, in protest at the service patterns of American airlines in Asia, some nations have become less generous in granting traffic rights in the fifth freedom, while traffic in the sixth freedom has gained in importance for Asian airlines. [14]112 In addition to the rights, international flights calling abroad also include flights in which passengers can only board and disembark at the intermediate station that serves an airline that serves them. [2]146 It also includes the « stopover » in which passengers can board or disembark at a stopover as part of an itinerary between the arrival points of a multi-leg flight or connecting flights. Note[2]146 Some international flights stop at several points in a foreign country, and passengers can sometimes make stops in the same way, but because the traffic being transported does not occur in the country where the flight takes place, it is not a matter of coasting, but of another form beyond rights. [16]110 The Road Transport Agreement, commonly known as the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic, is an international treaty aimed at facilitating international road traffic and improving road safety by establishing standard traffic rules between contracting parties. The convention was agreed at the UN Economic and Social Council conference on road transport (October 7 to November 8, 1968) and concluded in Vienna on November 8, 1968. It came into force on May 21, 1977.

This conference also resulted in agreement on traffic signals and signals. The agreement was amended on September 3, 1993 and March 28, 2006. There is a European convention to complement the Convention on Road Transport (1968), which was concluded in Geneva on 1 May 1971. One of the fundamental principles of the convention was the concept that a driver always has total control and responsibility for the behaviour of a vehicle in traffic. [6] This requirement is being challenged by the development of collision prevention and autonomous driving technologies. [Citation required] Coasting is the transport of goods or passengers between two points in the same country by an aircraft registered in a country or another country. Originally a concept of navigation, coasting now encompasses aviation, railways and road transport. It is « trade or navigation in coastal waters or the exclusive right of a country to exploit air traffic on its territory. » [23] The Vienna Convention on Road Transport was concluded in Vienna on 8 November 1968. Since its entry into force on 21 May 1977, it has replaced previous road transport agreements in the signatory states (« contracting parties »), including the 1949 Geneva Convention on Road Transport, under Article 48 of the Convention.